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                    秦始皇是華夏族,為什么劉邦之后是漢族揭秘華夏族血脈的演變!

                  1. 作者:中外歷史風云
                  2. 來源: ?
                  3. 發表于02-02?
                  4. 被閱讀552
                  5. 眾所周知,人類經過了漫長的洪荒時代,發展到一定階段,便產生了民族。在中國的文明史上,各民族創造了光輝燦爛的古代文化,給我們留下了寶貴的財富。但是經過了5000年的時間,各民族之間相互交流,相互融合,最終形成了我們現在中華56個民族。

                    我們先來說說華夏族的形成。我們知道,黃帝是華夏民族的共祖,但是在我們的認知中,華夏族就是中原地區的人組成的,其實并不是這樣的。華夏族的基礎不僅是黃炎部落,還有周圍的各個少數部落,因為黃帝并沒想偏安一偶,而是不斷向外發展。

                    到了夏商周時期,不僅有夏人、商人和周人的相互融合,與其他民族融合更是頻繁。當時在給貴族分土地時,有些不少貴族就被封到了占領過來的蠻夷地區,畢竟人多,肥沃的土地并不多。于是,這種雜居的生活狀態為華夏族的形成創造了條件。但相對來說,這個時期還是以同化為主,高文明同化低文明。

                    就算在春秋戰國時期,這種同化依舊沒有改變。據《國語》記載,當時的楚人被稱為“荊蠻”或“苗蠻”,屬于南蠻族系,但是他們接受華夏文化較早,所以也是最早融入華夏族的。長江流域的吳國吳人,也是南蠻族系;越國的越人,本屬百越族系;中山國的狄人,原屬北狄族系;可是他們最終都被同化成了華夏族,成為華夏族的一份子。

                    我們再來說說漢族的形成。漢族就是在與匈奴、羌族等強大的少數民族不斷競爭中形成的。秦朝時期,將50萬罪徒之民遷到嶺南,與當地的百越族雜居,一部分人華夏人融入了百越族,而有些百越族人也融入了華夏族。西漢時期,將70萬山東貧民遷到關西,朔方等地,與匈奴人一起生活;還將烏桓族遷到遼東、遼西、上谷一帶,與匈奴和華夏族一起生活。

                    東漢時期,有些匈奴人歸附了漢朝,稱為南匈奴,而漢朝將他們分別安置在了北地、朔方、雁門等偏遠地區,與華夏族雜處;隨后又將20萬北匈奴人遷到那里,與華夏人一起生活。還有將南蠻族支系7000余人遷到江夏地區,和華夏人一起生活。

                    到了晉朝,大家都知道,這是中國史上最亂的時期了。據《晉書》記載,當時關中人口百余萬,光戎狄就占了一半,可見當時少數民族大批涌入中原。北魏孝文帝可謂是為融合作出了巨大的貢獻,他制定的一系列向漢族學習的政策,讓許多少數民族融為了漢人。他將太陽蠻8萬人口遷至荊州,隨后宣武帝又將約3萬戶遷至各地。

                    融合是相互的,不光是少數民族融入漢族,漢族也有不少人融入了其他族。三國時期,戰亂不斷,當時就有10萬多漢人為了逃避戰亂遷往烏桓;到了晉朝,百姓本應該休養生息,誰想晉朝竟然這么不爭氣,于是又有幾萬戶漢人不得不去依靠鮮卑。

                    到了隋唐,華夏文化已經發展到新的高度,并且經濟和軍事也是前所未有的鼎盛。但更重要的還是統治者開明的民族政策,李世民曾說過:“自古皆貴中華,賤夷、狄,朕獨愛之如一”,可見當時的已經減少了民族之間的壓迫。雖然這個時期人口遷移減少了,但是唐王朝也付出了極大的代價,光公主就嫁出去21人之多,還有許多的宗室女子為了國家,和公主一樣付出了她們的青春。

                    到了五代十國,又是一個大混戰時期,跟晉朝有一拼,百姓為了躲避戰亂又開始四處奔逃了。到了元明清時期,就是征服與被征服的關系了。

                    其實,秦漢時期,就是華夏族到漢族的變化的時期。大家可以百科一下,看看秦始皇是不是華夏族,再看看劉邦之后的皇帝是不是漢族,不過,其中劉邦夾在中間就比較難定義了。那么漢族和華夏族到底什么關系呢?

                    漢族還是以華夏族為主體,以華夏文明為主干,融入一小部分已經歸化了的其他民族,以及其他民族的一些先進文化,在歷史長河中形成的民族!也許有人會說血脈不純,但是又有何妨呢,一個人好壞看的又不是血脈。

                    以上均屬個人觀點,如有異同,歡迎留言討論!關注我,每天給你不一樣的歷史!

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