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                    歷史唐朝盛世氣象的大明宮,心靈的震撼

                  1. 作者:九流
                  2. 來源: ?
                  3. 發表于11-29?
                  4. 被閱讀2396
                  5. 夢回唐朝大明宮盛世氣象的大明宮

                    西安,一個充滿了傳奇和榮耀的城市。在這個城市的北部,有一個大型遺址。它曾經是世界上規模最大的宮殿群,大小相當于三個凡爾賽宮,4個紫禁城,十二個克里姆林宮、十三個盧浮宮……

                    這就是大唐帝國的皇宮——大明宮。一千三百多年前,長安是大唐的都城,長安城中的大明宮,是世界上最耀眼的宮殿。這里不僅蘊藏著一個帝國湮沒已久的秘密,也銘刻著整整一個時代的記憶……

                    1956年,在西安鐵路學校的修建工地上挖出了一塊石碑,上面記載的文字表明,這里是一個叫含光殿的宮殿和馬球場遺址,據史書記載,含光殿的隔壁就是在歷史上赫赫有名的唐代大明宮。歷經半個世紀的發掘調查,這座沉睡在小學校之下、鐵道之下、鬧市之下,湮沒在歷史之塵中的傳奇宮殿,漸漸顯露出其巨大的背影,矗立在世人面前。

                    自唐高宗起,唐朝的帝王們大都在大明宮居住和處理朝政。大明宮不但代表了唐代建筑藝術的最高水平,還是唐王朝繁榮鼎盛的象征。

                    大明宮的范圍很大,東西1.5千米,南北2.5千米,略呈楔形,共有11座城門,大明宮正門名丹鳳門,有含元殿、宣政殿、紫晨殿三大殿,正殿為含元殿。含元殿以北有宣政殿,宣政殿左右有中書、門下二省,及弘文、史二館。而有名的麟德殿大約建于唐高宗麟德年間,位于大明宮北部太液池之西的高地上。此外有別殿、亭、觀等30余所。殿前東西兩側有翔鸞、棲鳳二閣和通往平地的龍尾道。整座宮殿坐北朝南,居高臨下,規模宏大,建筑雄偉。王維有詩云:“九天閶闔開宮殿,萬國衣冠拜冕旒。”

                    大明宮正南門:丹鳳門。

                    丹鳳門沿用歷史長達240余年,是唐大明宮的正南門,享有“盛唐第一門”之譽。丹鳳門上有高大的門樓,是唐朝皇帝舉行登基、宣布大赦和改元等外朝大典的重要場所。考古學家確證了丹鳳門有5條門道,整個丹鳳門東西長達二百米,可見當初丹鳳門氣勢恢弘。

                    大明宮第一正殿:含元殿。

                    含元殿是大明宮的前朝第一正殿,也是唐長安城的標志建筑。含元殿的作用和太極殿相似,它與丹鳳門配合是舉行“外朝”的地方,每至元正、冬至,皇帝則臨此殿聽政和舉行朝會。所謂“九天閶闔開宮殿,萬國衣冠拜冕旒”就是描寫當時含元殿大朝會的盛況。

                    大明宮里的皇帝辦公室:宣政殿。

                    宣政殿是皇帝召見朝集使、貢使與策試舉人之處。殿前東西則,東廊之外為門下省、史館等,西廊之外為中書省、殿中省,都是中央官署。這里是皇帝常朝和百官辦事的行政中心。

                    唐朝皇帝的日常辦公室:紫宸殿。

                    紫宸殿為第三大殿,是大明宮的內衙正殿,皇帝日常之間的一般議事多在此殿。紫宸殿東有浴堂殿、溫室殿,西有延英殿、含象殿,東西并列,是皇帝日常活動之所。紫宸殿北有橫街,街北即后妃居住的寢殿區。

                    大明宮的國宴廳:麟德殿。

                    麟德殿是皇帝舉行宮廷宴會、觀看樂舞表演、會見來使的主要場所。史載在麟德殿大宴時,殿前和廊下可坐三千人,并表演百戲,還可在殿前擊馬球,故殿前極可能是開敞的廣場。麟德殿是迄今所見唐代建筑中形體組合最復雜的大建筑群。

                    大明宮的人間仙境:太液池。

                    太液池,又名蓬萊池,是唐代最重要的皇家池園。它位于大明宮內庭(帝王后妃起居游憩的場所)的中心地區,史書載,大明宮太液池環池有游廊400間,從池北至玄武門,有多處殿堂樓閣。

                      專題

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